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2020年 1月 10日

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Boris Johnson and His Conservative Party Win Big in UK Election

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British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and his Conservative Party recorded a massive victory in the 2019 United Kingdom General Election, guaranteeing that he will remain in his position and help push the country towards a “Brexit” from the European Union.

Johnson’s Conservative Party, also known as the Tories, secured 365 of the 650 seats in the country’s House of Parliament. That gave them a comfy majority over the more liberal Labour Party, which came out with 203 seats.

Pre-election polls predicted a Conservative victory, but by a much slimmer margin. In reality, the Tories scored their biggest electoral victory since 1987.

Johnson’s campaign leaned heavily on a single issue — leaving the EU. In 2016, UK citizens voted to depart the continental organization in a much-followed referendum. In the years since, continued tension between people in the country along with government issues has delayed the Brexit.

The December election victory, however, gives the Tory government the boost it needs to push towards Brexit. They will try to get the Brexit deal done by the end of January 2020.

Labour, meanwhile, was embarrassed by the results of the election. Some observers said that the election wasn’t so much people embracing
Conservatives, but rather rejecting the left. While urban areas supported Labour, other regions went overwhelmingly for the Tories.

Jeremy Corbyn, the head of the Labour party, announced his intention to step down from his position following the result.

In the northern region of Scotland, the Scottish National party won huge, prompting many to expect the area to push for another vote on independence from the UK.
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A Brief Overview of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom is a country comprised of four major regions — England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales — located on the Western side of the European continent. These four areas came together in 1707.

In England, there is a central government dealing with matters impacting all four regions. However, each of the other three regions also has their own governments that handle other issues relating to their regions.

While they are united as one country, each of the individual regions is able to compete in certain sports as their own team. For example, in soccer, it is possible for England, Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales to all make the World Cup, despite technically being one nation.

In the 1800s, Ireland was also part of the UK. After a war for independence, however, Ireland was able to set itself off from the nation. The UK was able to carve out a territory in the northern part of the country, now known as Northern Ireland. The two Irelands have had various political flare ups over the years.

Scotland has also long mulled independence from the UK. Over the years, there have been many pushes for the area to become its own country, and there have even been referendums held in Scotland to see if they should become their own states. These votes, while always close, have always ended with the option of staying winning. Still, many experts expect more efforts to push for independence to come in the near future.

The UK has been part of the European Union since 1973, but in 2016 voters in the country decided that they’d rather leave the organization. After years of trying to sort out a deal, current Prime Minister Boris Johnson is currently working towards making the so-called “Brexit” a reality.

Reading Comprehension Test

Questions

  1. What was the central issue Boris Johnson campaigned on?
    a. Economic Improvement.
    b. Brexit.
    c. Scottish Independence.
    d. Joining the EU.
  2. Which of the following was an unexpected result of the election?
    a. Labour actually did better than expected.
    b. Voters changed their mind about Brexit.
    c. The Conservative Party won the most seats in an election in decades.
    d. The number of people who voted was very low.
  3. What won’t happen next?
    a. Boris Johnson will extend the deadline for a Brexit deal.
    b. Jeremy Corbyn will step down from his position at some point.
    c. Boris Johnson will push to get a Brexit deal done soon.
    d. Scotland will consider a referendum on independence.
  4. How does the UK government work?
    a. A central government for the UK is in England, but the other three regions
     also have governments.
    b. Every region of the UK has its own government, and they don’t interact with
     one another at all.
    c. There is a single government in London, and they make all the decisions for
     every part of the UK.
    d. All four regions are actually independent countries, but they interact with
     one another.
  5. Which of the following statements is true?
    a. Only a single UK soccer team can compete at the World Cup.
    b. Currently, every member of the UK is happy with their situation.
    c. Ireland used to be part of the UK but earned independence after a war.
    d. The UK plans on staying in the EU for decades to come.
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