国際
2020年 4月 10日

LATEST NEWS ARTICLE
U.S. Democratic Party Presidential Primary Comes Down to Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders

eyecatch

The 2020 United States Democratic Party Presidential Primary, which will determine who will square off against current president Donald Trump later this year in an election, has come down to politicians Joe Biden and Bernie Sanders.

The campaign for the nomination started in early 2019, with over a dozen candidates trying to earn the right to represent the Democratic Party in the 2020 General Election.

Over the last year, the field has narrowed down. At the start of 2020, when the American primary process was beginning, 11 candidates appeared to have a real shot at winning the nomination.

Bernie Sanders, a 78-year-old senator from the state of Vermont, started out hot in the Democratic Primary by doing well in Iowa and then winning the states of New Hampshire and Nevada. Many people, especially young citizens, have rallied around Sanders due to his progressive views on medical care, student debt forgiveness and more.

Yet momentum started to swing towards Joe Biden, a 77-year-old former senator from Delaware and vice president to Barack Obama for eight years, when the campaign reached South Carolina. He convincingly won that state, and followed that up by winning 10 of the 15 elections held on Super Tuesday, a March 3 contest featuring the highest number of delegates up for grabs.

Many experts say Biden has taken control of the race, though Sanders is still not far off in terms of delegates won. The primary is about halfway over at this point.

Once a winner emerges, they will go on to face Trump in the general election, held in early November. Many Democrats want a candidate who can defeat Trump more than anything else, and they feel Biden can do that.

The winner of that general election will go on to have an inauguration ceremony in January. That event will either see the start of four more years of Trump, or the beginning of a new president’s time in office.

In United States’ politics, a primary is an election held by an individual political party before a general election to determine who the candidate for a political office will be. The political party that doesn’t have control of the White House holds a primary while the party in charge runs the sitting president. President Trump represents the Republican Party, and thus hasn’t had to really win a primary election.

Every state holds their own primary election. People registered with the party holding the election vote on who they want to represent them.

Candidates earn delegates, who support them, by winning a certain amount of votes. The candidate with the most delegates will win the election.
                                 (438 words)

Key Words and Expressions

  1. campaign — a series of actions planned to achieve political or social change
  2. candidate — someone who is running in an election
  3. progressive view — a view that supports political or social reforms to achieve equality
  4. has taken control of — getting power over something
  5. defeat — to win against someone in a competition
  6. inauguration ceremony — a ceremony in which someone is formally appointed to a position
  7. political party — an organized group of people who share the same political view
  8. vote — to express your choice officially in an election
  9. delegate — a person chosen by a political group to represent that group
  10. win the election — to become the most successful person in an election

Reading Comprehension Test

Questions

  1. Which United States political party currently controls the White House?
    a. The Democratic Party.
    b. The Republican Party.
    c. The Labour Party.
    d. The Conservative Party.
  2. Which of the following is NOT true?
    a. Joe Biden won the states of New Hampshire and Nevada.
    b. Joe Biden was a vice president to Barack Obama.
    c. Bernie Sanders started out well in the Democratic primary.
    d. Bernie Sanders was embraced by voters for his progressive views.
  3. What do many Democrats want in a presidential candidate?
    a. A progressive person.
    b. Someone who can beat Donald Trump in an election.
    c. A person who can help with international trade.
    d. An experienced person.
  4. What is the point of a primary election in the United States?
  5. Why do people support the two candidates left in the primary?
サポートデータ

ファイル内容:
「時事英語」の英文、和訳、確認問題、参照URLを収録した
サポートデータをダウンロードできます。(PDF/txt)
音声データ(mp3/QRコード)付き。

音声再生

SHARE

時事英語の最新記事

シネマデータバンクに関するご質問・ご要望は
下記webフォームからお問合せください。